Rare. In dry stony/grassy places
(altitude m. 300-750); flowers from the beginning of April to the
beginning of May. Found for the first time in the Marche in 1988 on M.
Pietralata (J.M.I. Klaver). A dozen new populations and single specimens
have since been recorded in the Province of Pesaro-Urbino, as well as
some sporadic appearances in the Province of Macerata. A.J.B.
Brilli-Cattarini found Ophrys crabronifera
near Valgiubbola (AN) in 1992.
Leonardo Gubellini has recently found
the species near Fossombrone.
I found one specimen in bud at San
Lazzaro near Fossombrone on 2 April 2010 (and flowering 7/4/2010). This
site is about 3km from Gubellini's site (Domenico Rossi found a second
plant a week later). The first plant flowered again in 2011, but it
failed to flower in 2012.
I also found a flowering
specimen near S. Anna on 26 April 2010, and a withered plant 1km north
of Piobbico on 11 May 2010.
Klara and Martin Huelsmann found the
species in the Gola del Furlo in 2012. They also found it in Val Canale,
and half-way the road thta goes from Serra S. Abbondio to Isola di
In 2012 Rolando Romolini pointed out
a small population of vigorous plants at Fosso di Montiego (Piobbico), a
site which was also noted by Klara and Martin Huelsmann. These plants
flowered also in 2013.
A tour with Nazzareno Simoncelli and
Mimmo Rossi on Monte l'Abate in 2012 revealed that the species is
present in various spots all over the area of Piobbico. Thus I found
numerous individuals of the species in 2013 near Balza della Penna and a
few plants on the lower Eastern slopes of Monte di Montiego.
I also found the species with
Mimmo Rossi near Morello (AN) on 3 May 2013.
Regrettably all specimens in the
original sites on M. Pietralata (from which most of these pictures have
been taken) have disappeared, the probable cause being the destruction
of habitats by wild boars.
-BAGLI, L. (1990), "Aspetti
naturalistici dell'area di sperimentazione Abbazia del Moscolo - Santa
Lucia", in Quaderni di scienze della terra, pp. 55-66, Cattolica
-CRESCENTINI, R. & J.M.I.
KLAVER, Orchidee Spontanee della Provincia Peasro e Urbino, con
osservazioni sulle specie delle Marche, Pesaro, 1997 (p.144).
-KLAVER, J.M.I. (1989),
"Ophrys crabronifera MAURI in der italienischen Marche (mittleres
Die Orchidee, 40(2): 55-56 (p.55).
"Distribution of the Orchidaceae of the Province Pesaro-Urbino
AHO Baden-Württemberg 23 (4), 1991, pp.557-747 (p.602).